Climate Change Policy Failures - Why Conventional Mitigation Approaches Cannot Succeed eBook

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Stocks and flows - Most climate leaders do not understand the vital difference between reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and "reducing the increases" in the cumulative atmospheric GHG concentration. Back-loading - GHG emissions-reduction programs, including economic incentive systems, are almost always back-loaded in the sense that most GHG reductions will not take place until 2050 or thereafter, which is "too little, too late" to prevent many climate change disasters. This back-loading policy is especially misguided due to the persistence of large CO2, discharges that will remain in the atmosphere for hundreds or thousands of years. Unequal market forces - All economic incentive programs presume that "putting a price on carbon" will lead to higher pollution costs and large emissions reductions. Yet, advocates of reliance on "market forces" have seldom acknowledged the powerful competitive advantages possessed by the "dirty" GHG-polluting fossil fuel industries drawing on their trillion-dollar wealth and political influence in many countries. Negotiations stalemate - Climate mitigation efforts cannot succeed without the cooperation of the large GHG-polluting developing nations. Yet, emissions-reduction programs would normally impede rather than promote greater economic growth, the highest priority of most developing countries. As a result, emissions-reduction programs have reinforced the stalemate in international climate negotiations instead of helping to reconcile the conflicting interests of developed and developing nations. Bad baseline - Most climate policymakers are using the wrong mitigation baseline, focusing on the annual GHG emissions reductions rather than on changes in the atmospheric GHG concentration. GHG-free replacement technologies - Instead of relying on emissions-reduction efforts, this book proposes a "decarbonization" strategy that would adopt GHG-free replacement technologies able to increase economic and social development without degrading the climate. The only realistic way to cut heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere enough to decrease climate change dangers is to replace fossil fuels and other major GHG sources as rapidly as feasible with "clean" technologies, processes, and methods. Half-hearted interim measures - The adoption of weak interim emissions-reduction measures would often be more harmful than helpful because they will divert essential funding, limited regulatory resources, and public attention away from more ambitious mitigation efforts.
INFORMATION
DATE DE PUBLICATION 2012-May-01
ISBN 9789814355643
AUTEUR Howard-A Latin
TAILLE DU FICHIER 5,59 MB

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Mitigation of climate change as well as adaptation to its actual and expected effects is one of the largest challenges in current environmental policy. In order to design appropriate climate policies, a deep understanding of the decision processes related to mitigation and adaptation behaviour is indispensable. How do various actors respond to the effects of climate change and the incentives ...

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